Holodomor

 

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Every year on the 23rd of November people in Ukraine light candles on their windowsills and at the pedestals of many monuments. On this day Ukraine remembers people starved to death during Holodomor (great famine) of 1932-1933.

Holodomor is a Ukrainian word which consists of two parts: ‘holod’ which means hunger and ‘mor’ – plague.

Holodomor was planned and implemented by Soviet government led by Joseph Stalin in order to crush the resistance of the peasantry to the collectivization of farming.

During those dreadful years, detachments of the Soviet army took all the food, cattle, poultry from peasants who also were not allowed to leave their villages and move to the cities where life was comparatively better. So the whole villages had to wait for their horrible death. The exact number of the dead is impossible to count because the deaths were not recorded. But some researchers stated that up to 10 million people (1/3 of the population) of Ukraine died in 1932-1933.

Here are more links on the subject:

http://www.holodomor.org.uk/

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Holodomor

http://news.bbc.co.uk/local/cambridgeshire/hi/people_and_places/history/newsid_8357000/8357028.stm

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